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Mitochondria, potential new therapeutic targets in pancreatic cancer -

Jun 2005 Oncogene

Junctional recruitment of mammalian Scribble relies on E-cadherin engagement.

Authors

Navarro C, Nola S, Audebert S, Santoni MJ, Arsanto JP, Ginestier C, Marchetto S, Jacquemier J, Isnardon D, Le Bivic A, Birnbaum D, Borg JP

Summary

Members of the LAP protein family, LET-413 in Caenorhabditis elegans, Scribble in Drosophila melanogaster, and Erbin, Lano, Densin-180 and hScrib in mammals, have conserved structural features. LET-413 and Scribble are junctional proteins involved in establishing and maintaining epithelial cell polarity. scribble also behaves as a neoplastic tumor suppressor gene. We show here that, in epithelial cells, hScrib is recruited at cell-cell junctions in an E-cadherin-dependent manner as shown by calcium switch assays in MDCK cells, re-expression of E-cadherin in MDA-231 cells treated by 5-Aza-2′-deoxycytidine (5Aza), and siRNA experiments. hScrib is restricted at the basolateral membrane of epithelial cells by its LRR domain, and is enriched in Triton X-100-insoluble fractions. In breast cancers, most lobular tumors did not express hScrib and E-cadherin while ductal tumors had a less frequent downregulation of hScrib. Our data provide additional insights on the modalities of recruitment of hScrib at the cell-cell junctions, and establish a potential link between the E-cadherin and hScrib tumor suppressors.

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