Assessment of Anopheles salivary antigens as individual exposure biomarkers to species-specific malaria vector bites.
Ali ZM, Bakli M, Fontaine A, Bakkali N, Vu Hai V, Audebert S, Boublik Y, Remoué F, Rogier C, Fraisier C, Almeras L
Malaria transmission occurs during the blood feeding of infected anopheline mosquitoes concomitant with a saliva injection into the vertebrate host. In sub-Saharan Africa, most malaria transmission is due to Anopheles funestus s.s and to Anopheles gambiae s.l. (mainly Anopheles gambiae s.s. and Anopheles arabiensis). Several studies have demonstrated that the immune response against salivary antigens could be used to evaluate individual exposure to mosquito bites. The aim of this study was to assess the use of secreted salivary proteins as specific biomarkers of exposure to An. gambiae and/or An. funestus bites.Read the article