Sep 2018 Bulletin du cancer

[5-fluorouracil therapeutic drug monitoring: Update and recommendations of the STP-PT group of the SFPT and the GPCO-Unicancer].

Auteurs

Lemaitre F, Goirand F, Launay M, Chatelut E, Boyer JC, Evrard A, Paludetto MN, Guilhaumou R, Ciccolini J, Schmitt A

Résumé

Despite being 60-years old now, 5-FU remains the backbone of numerous regimen to treat a variety of solid tumors such as breast, head-and-neck and digestive cancers either in neo-adjuvant, adjuvant or metastatic settings. Standard 5-FU usually claims 15-40% of severe toxicities and up to 1% of toxic-death. Numerous studies show a stiff relationship between 5-FU exposure and toxicity or efficacy. In addition, 5-FU pharmacokinetics is highly variable between patients. Indeed, 80% of the 5-FU dose is catabolized in the liver by dihydropyrimidine dehydrogenase (DPD) into inactive compounds. It is now well established that DPD deficiency could lead to severe toxicities and, thus, require dose reduction in deficient patients. However, despite dosage adaptation based on DPD status, some patients may still experience under- or over-exposure, leading to inefficacy or major toxicity. The « Suivi thérapeutique pharmacologique et personnalisation des traitements » (STP-PT) group of the « Société française de pharmacologie et de thérapeutique » (SFPT) and the « Groupe de pharmacologie clinique oncologique » (GPCO)-Unicancer, based on the latest and most up-to-date literature data, recommend the implementation of 5-FU Therapeutic Drug Monitoring in order to ensure an adequate 5-FU exposure.

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