Alternative splicing modulates autoinhibition and SH3 accessibility in the Src kinase Fyn.
Src family kinases are central regulators of a large number of signaling pathways. To adapt to the idiosyncrasies of different cell types, these kinases may need a fine-tuning of their intrinsic molecular control mechanisms. Here, we describe on a molecular level how the Fyn kinase uses alternative splicing to adapt to different cellular environments. Using structural analysis, site-directed mutagenesis, and functional analysis, we show how the inclusion of either exon 7A or 7B affects the autoinhibition of Fyn and how this changes the SH3-dependent interaction and tyrosine phosphorylation of Sam68, with functional consequences for the Sam68-regulated survival of epithelial cells. Our results illustrate a novel mechanism of evolution that may contribute to the complexity of Src kinase regulation.Lire l‘article