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Mar 2021 EMBO reports

ARHGAP45 controls naïve T- and B- cell entry into lymph nodes and T-cell progenitor thymus seeding.


He L, Valignat MP, Zhang L, Gelard L, Zhang F, Le Guen V, Audebert S, Camoin L, Fossum E, Bogen B, Wang H, Henri S, Roncagalli R, Theodoly O, Liang Y, Malissen M, Malissen B


T and B cells continually recirculate between blood and secondary lymphoid organs. To promote their trans-endothelial migration (TEM), chemokine receptors control the activity of RHO family small GTPases in part via GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs). T and B cells express several RHO-GAPs, the function of most of which remains unknown. The ARHGAP45 GAP is predominantly expressed in hematopoietic cells. To define its in vivo function, we describe two mouse models where ARHGAP45 is ablated systemically or selectively in T cells. We combine their analysis with affinity purification coupled to mass spectrometry to determine the ARHGAP45 interactome in T cells and with time-lapse and reflection interference contrast microscopy to assess the role of ARGHAP45 in T-cell polarization and motility. We demonstrate that ARHGAP45 regulates naïve T-cell deformability and motility. Under physiological conditions, ARHGAP45 controls the entry of naïve T and B cells into lymph nodes whereas under competitive repopulation it further regulates hematopoietic progenitor cell engraftment in the bone marrow, and T-cell progenitor thymus seeding. Therefore, the ARGHAP45 GAP controls multiple key steps in the life of T and B cells.

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