How may targeted proteomics complement genomic data in breast cancer?
Guerin M, Gonçalves A, Toiron Y, Baudelet E, Audebert S, Boyer JB, Borg JP, Camoin L
Breast cancer (BC) is the most common female cancer in the world and was recently deconstructed in different molecular entities. Although most of the recent assays to characterize tumors at the molecular level are genomic-based, proteins are the actual executors of cellular functions and represent the vast majority of targets for anticancer drugs. Accumulated data has demonstrated an important level of quantitative and qualitative discrepancies between genomic/transcriptomic alterations and their protein counterparts, mostly related to the large number of post-translational modifications. Areas covered: This review will present novel proteomics technologies such as Reverse Phase Protein Array (RPPA) or mass-spectrometry (MS) based approaches that have emerged and that could progressively replace old-fashioned methods (e.g. immunohistochemistry, ELISA, etc.) to validate proteins as diagnostic, prognostic or predictive biomarkers, and eventually monitor them in the routine practice. Expert commentary: These different targeted proteomic approaches, able to complement genomic data in BC and characterize tumors more precisely, will permit to go through a more personalized treatment for each patient and tumor.Lire l‘article