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Feb 2004 Scandinavian journal of immunology

Interleukin-4 selectively inhibits interleukin-2 secretion by lipopolysaccharide-activated dendritic cells.


Sauma D, Michea P, Lennon-Duménil AM, Fierro A, Morales J, Rosemblatt M, Bono MR


Dendritic cells (DCs) generated in vitro from bone marrow precursors using granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) secrete interleukin-2 (IL-2) upon activation, an event probably associated to the initiation of adaptive immune responses. Additionally, they produce IL-12, a cytokine related to T-cell polarization. To analyse the effect of IL-4 on DC differentiation and function, we assessed the capacity of murine bone marrow dendritic cells (BMDCs) differentiated with GM-CSF in the presence or absence of IL-4 to produce IL-2 and IL-12 upon lipopolysaccharide (LPS) activation. We found that although IL-4 enhanced DC IL-12p70 production, it strongly impaired IL-2 secretion by BMDCs. This inhibition, which depends on the presence of IL-4 during LPS activation, is DC specific, as IL-4 did not affect IL-2 secretion by T cells. Interestingly, inhibition of DC IL-2 production did not prevent DC priming of T lymphocytes. These results illustrate a new putative role for IL-4 on the regulation of the immune response and should help clarify the controversial reports on the effect of IL-4 on DCs.

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