Lano, a novel LAP protein directly connected to MAGUK proteins in epithelial cells.
Protein networks asymetrically distributed to basolateral and apical epithelial membranes maintain cell polarity and homeostasis of epithelial tissues. Genetic studies in non-vertebrates assigned two families of basolateral proteins, MAGUK (membrane-associated and guanylate kinase) and LAP (leucine-rich repeats and PDZ) proteins, to a common pathway crucial for the epithelial architecture and acting as a gatekeeper to malignancy. In mammals, three LAP proteins have been described, Densin-180, Erbin, and hScribble. Here, we identify a protein called Lano (LAP and no PDZ) only present in vertebrates and presenting strong identities with LAP proteins. Despite the lack of PDZ domain, Lano is located at the basolateral side of epithelial cells in a similar manner to Erbin and hScribble. Using in vitro and in vivo experiments, we demonstrate that Lano directly interacts with the PDZ domains of MAGUK proteins, including hDLG (human disc large), in epithelial cells. A second pool of Lano is complexed to Erbin. These LAP-MAGUK protein complexes coexist at the basolateral side of epithelial cells. We provide evidence for a direct interaction between LAP and MAGUK proteins, and we propose that various LAP-MAGUK networks targeted to the basolateral side of epithelial cells participate to homeostasis of epithelial tissues and tumor growth.Lire l‘article