Lipolytic enzymes inhibitors: A new way for antibacterial drugs discovery.
Cavalier JF, Spilling CD, Durand T, Camoin L, Canaan S
Tuberculosis (TB) caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tb) still remains the deadliest infectious disease worldwide with 1.5 million deaths in 2018, of which about 15% are attributed to resistant strains. Another significant example is Mycobacterium abscessus (M. abscessus), a nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) responsible for cutaneous and pulmonary infections, representing up to 95% of NTM infections in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. M. abscessus is a new clinically relevant pathogen and is considered one of the most drug-resistant mycobacteria for which standardized chemotherapeutic regimens are still lacking. Together the emergence of M. tb and M. abscessus multi-drug resistant strains with ineffective and expensive therapeutics, have paved the way to the development of new classes of anti-mycobacterial agents offering additional therapeutic options. In this context, specific inhibitors of mycobacterial lipolytic enzymes represent novel and promising antibacterial molecules to address this challenging issue. The results highlighted here include a complete overview of the antibacterial activities, either in broth medium or inside infected macrophages, of two families of promising and potent anti-mycobacterial multi-target agents, i.e. oxadiazolone-core compounds (OX) and Cyclophostin & Cyclipostins analogs (CyC); the identification and biochemical validation of their effective targets (e.g., the antigen 85 complex and TesA playing key roles in mycolic acid metabolism) together with their respective crystal structures. To our knowledge, these are the first families of compounds able to target and impair replicating as well as intracellular bacteria. We are still impelled in deciphering their mode of action and finding new potential therapeutic targets against mycobacterial-related diseases.Lire l‘article