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Jun 1997 Mechanisms of development

Murine FGF-12 and FGF-13: expression in embryonic nervous system, connective tissue and heart.


Hartung H, Feldman B, Lovec H, Coulier F, Birnbaum D, Goldfarb M


The molecular cloning of cDNAs encoding murine fibroblast growth factor-13 (FGF-13/FHF-2) and three isoforms of murine FGF-12 (FHF-1) is described. Like their highly conserved human counterparts, murine FGF-12 and FGF-13 are part of a distinct subfamily of FGF-like proteins characterized by a greater degree of amino acid sequence cross-homology and by conserved N-terminal domains which do not include secretion signal sequences. In addition to their expression in several adult tissues, both of these FGF genes are prominently and regionally expressed in midgestation mouse embryos, as revealed by in situ hybridization. Fgf12 and fgf13. RNAs were detected in developing central nervous system in cells outside the proliferating ependymal layer, and fgf13 RNA was also found throughout the peripheral nervous system. Fgf12 is expressed in developing soft connective tissue of the limb skeleton and in presumptive connective tissue linking vertebrae and ribs. Both FGF genes are also expressed in the myocardium of the heart, with fgf12 RNA found only in the atrial chamber and fgf13 RNA detected in both atrium and ventricle. On the basis of their novel structure and patterns of expression, FGF-12 and FGF-13 are anticipated to perform embryonic functions distinct from other known FGF molecules.

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