Phosphoantigens and butyrophilin 3A1 induce similar intracellular activation signaling in human TCRVγ9+ γδ T lymphocytes.
Decaup E, Duault C, Bezombes C, Poupot M, Savina A, Olive D, Fournié JJ
Human γδ cells expressing TCRVγ9 are T lymphocytes with great potential for cancer immunotherapy and unconventional pattern of antigen specificity. These HLA-unrestricted lymphocytes are specifically reactive to non-peptide metabolites (phosphoantigens) and to the butyrophilin 3A (BTN3A/CD277) protein. Whether recognition of such highly different structures trigger the same activation signaling pathway remains unclear, however. Here we combined fluorescent cell barcoding and phosphoflow analysis of TCRVγ9(+) T lymphocytes to compare simultaneously the level of several signaling phosphoproteins after activation by phosphoantigen (BrHPP) or by anti-BTN3A (monoclonal antibody 20.1). This approach shows that the same pathways involving ZAP70, PLCγ2, Akt, NFκB p65, MAPK p38 and Erk1, were induced by either of these stimuli. These data strongly suggest the TCRVγ9(+) T lymphocytes detect phosphoantigens and butyrophilin A3 by the same recognition process.Lire l‘article