Reversible rituximab-induced rectal Kaposi’s sarcoma misdiagnosed as ulcerative colitis in a patient with HIV-negative follicular lymphoma.
Kaposi’s sarcoma is a low-grade mesenchymal angioproliferative tumor, most commonly observed in immunocompromised individuals, such as HIV-infected patients. Iatrogenic Kaposi’s sarcoma occurs in patients undergoing immunosuppressive therapies. Rituximab is a chimeric monoclonal antibody targeted against the pan B cell marker CD20. Because of its immunosuppressive effects through reduction of mature B-cells, it may exacerbate Kaposi’s sarcoma in HIV-positive patients. Rituximab-related Kaposi’s sarcomas have been previously reported in only two HIV-negative patients and were treated surgically.Lire l‘article