Jan 2014 Cell cycle (Georgetown, Tex.)

Spatially distinct functions of Clb2 in the DNA damage response.

Auteurs

Machu C, Eluère R, Signon L, Simon MN, Bailly E

Résumé

In budding yeast four mitotic cyclins (Clb1-4) cooperate in a partially redundant manner to bring about M-phase specific events, including the apical isotropic switch that ends polarized bud growth initiated at bud emergence. How exactly this morphogenetic transition is regulated by mitotic CDKs remains poorly understood. We have taken advantage of the isotropic bud growth that prevails in cells responding to DNA damage to unravel the contribution of mitotic cyclins in this cellular context. We find that clb2∆, in contrast to the other mitotic cyclin mutants, inappropriately respond to the presence of DNA damage. This aberrant response is characterized by a Cdc42- and Bni1-dependent but Cln-independent resumption of polarized bud growth after a brief period of actin depolarization. Biochemical and genetic evidence is presented that formally excludes the possibility of indirect effects due for instance to unrestrained APC activity, untimely mitotic exit or Swe1-mediated CDK inhibition. Importantly, our data demonstrate that in order to maintain the characteristic dumbbell arrest phenotype upon checkpoint activation Clb2 needs to be efficiently exported into the cytoplasm. We propose that the inhibition of mitotic cyclin destruction by the DNA damage checkpoint pathway leads to a buildup of Clb2 in the cytoplasm where this cyclin can stabilize the apical isotropic switch throughout a G 2/M checkpoint arrest. Our study also unveils an essential role of nuclear Clb2 in both survival and adaptation to the DNA damage checkpoint, illustrating a spatially distinct dual function of this mitotic cyclin in the response to DNA damage.

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