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Nov 2014 Mutation research

The analysis of S. cerevisiae cells deleted for mitotic cyclin Clb2 reveals a novel requirement of Sgs1 DNA helicase and Exonuclease 1 when replication forks break in the presence of alkylation damage.


Signon L, Simon MN


In this study, we report the effects of deleting the principal mitotic cyclin, Clb2, in different repair deficient contexts on sensitivity to the alkylating DNA damaging agent, methyl methanesulphonate (MMS). A yeast clb2 mutant is sensitive to MMS and displays synergistic effect when combined with inactivation of numerous genes involved in DNA recombination and replication. In contrast, clb2 has basically no additional effect with deletion of the RecQ helicase SGS1, the exonuclease EXO1 and the protein kinase RAD53 suggesting that Clb2 functions in these pathways. In addition, clb2 increases the viability of the mec1 kinase deficient mutant, suggesting Mec1 inhibits a deleterious Clb2 activity. Interestingly, we found that the rescue by EXO1 deletion of rad53K227 mutant, deficient in checkpoint activation, requires Sgs1, suggesting a role for Rad53, independent of its checkpoint function, in regulating an ordered recruitment of Sgs1 and Exo1 to fork structure. Overall, our data suggest that Clb2 affects recombinant structure of replication fork blocked by alkylating DNA damage at numerous steps and could regulate Sgs1 and Exo1 activity. In addition, we found novel requirement of Sgs1 DNA helicase and Exonuclease 1 when replication forks breaks in the presence of alkylation damage. Models for the functional interactions of mitotic cyclin Clb2, Sgs1 and Exo1 with replication fork stabilization are proposed.

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