06 2017 Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950)

The Juxtamembrane Domain of Butyrophilin BTN3A1 Controls Phosphoantigen-Mediated Activation of Human Vγ9Vδ2 T Cells.

Auteurs

Peigné CM, Léger A, Gesnel MC, Konczak F, Olive D, Bonneville M, Breathnach R, Scotet E

Résumé

Vγ9Vδ2 T lymphocytes are the major human peripheral γδ T cell subset, with broad reactivity against stressed human cells, including tumor cells. Vγ9Vδ2 T cells are specifically activated by small phosphorylated metabolites called phosphoantigens (PAg). Stress-induced changes in target cell PAg levels are specifically detected by butyrophilin (BTN)3A1, using its intracellular B30.2 domain. This leads to the activation of Vγ9Vδ2 T cells. In this study, we show that changes in the juxtamembrane domain of BTN3A1, but not its transmembrane domain, induce a markedly enhanced or reduced γδ T cell reactivity. There is thus a specific requirement for BTN3A1’s juxtamembrane domain for correct γδ T cell-related function. This work identified, as being of particular importance, a juxtamembrane domain region of BTN3A molecules identified as a possible dimerization interface and that is located close to the start of the B30.2 domain.

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