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Nov 2018 Stem cell reports

The SCRIB Paralog LANO/LRRC1 Regulates Breast Cancer Stem Cell Fate through WNT/β-Catenin Signaling.

Résumé

Tumor initiation, progression, and therapeutic resistance have been proposed to originate from a subset of tumor cells, cancer stem cells (CSCs). However, the current understanding of the mechanisms involved in their self-renewal and tumor initiation capacity remains limited. Here, we report that expression of LANO/LRRC1, the vertebrate paralog of SCRIB tumor suppressor, is associated with a stem cell signature in normal and tumoral mammary epithelia. Through in vitro and in vivo experiments including a Lano/Lrrc1 knockout mouse model, we demonstrate its involvement in the regulation of breast CSC (bCSC) fate. Mechanistically, we demonstrate that Lano/LRRC1-depleted cells secrete increased levels of WNT ligands, which act in a paracrine manner to positively deregulate the WNT/β-catenin pathway in bCSCs. In addition to describing the first function of LANO/LRRC1, our results suggest that its expression level could be used as a biomarker to stratify breast cancer patients who could benefit from WNT/β-catenin signaling inhibitors.

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